Anthropology is, very simply put, the study of human behavior. There are multiple disciplines within anthropology, including social, cultural, linguistic, and biological, but all focus on some aspect of humanity’s development. Archaeology, the study of human cultures through physical evidence, is often considered a subset of anthropology in the US, but Europe considers it a separate subject.
Anthropology is a competitive degree where the goal is typically to continue into research or academia, with many careers requiring advanced postgraduate education beyond a baccalaureate. However, a large number of graduates find their calling in public or not-for-profit sectors, such as in social work, public relations, human resources, and museum/gallery curation that aren’t labeled anthropologist but put the degree to good use. Individuals that are analytical and observant, with a curiosity about how and why people behave the way they do are prime candidates for an anthropology degree. The average entry-level salary for all forms of anthropologists is $49,000.
Cultural anthropology, sometimes also called social anthropology, studies human behavior across cultures, identifying and recording similarities for analyses. Study involved ethnographies, or works created using field research by others in same area of study.
Biological anthropology, also referred to as physical anthropology, can be a good segue into the medical field since it includes pre-medical, -veterinary, and -dental studies. The biological and behavioral evolution of humankind, as well as adaptations based on environment for survival and reproduction, is the general focus, but there are a number of sub-specializations which include primatology, paleoanthropology, and paleopathology. With postsecondary education, a Bachelors in Science degree in Anthropology can lead to a career in medicine, nursing, pathology, public health, or epidemiology.
Linguistic anthropology manifests in a few different ways: formal linguistics, historical linguistics, sociolinguistics, and nonverbal communication. What began as a measure to preserve endangered languages rapidly developed to include all facets of language structure and use, and now studies how language influences humanity in its entirety. Typically, a graduate degree is required to acquire a position in this field, and pay varies extremely, ranging between $29,000 and $87,000.
Career options for graduates with a degree in anthropology include: Contract Archaeologist, Corporate Analyst, Corporate Anthropologist, Educational Planner, Park Ranger, Museum Curator, Peace Corps Staffer, Social Worker, Translator, Public Relations Officer, UX Analyst, Human Resource Worker, Lawyer, Judge, Judicial Worker, Magistrate, Paralegal, High School Teacher, Grant Writer.