Human health is always a top concern for doctors, and those who specialize in obstetrics and gynecology are particularly focused on women's health issues. Embarking on the obstetrics and gynecology residency program will allow you to tackle women's reproductive issues head-on. The obstetrics and gynecology residency program prepares physicians to diagnose, prevent, and treat women's health issues; provide care to women who are or want to become pregnant; and support maternal health after childbirth. Obstetrics and gynecology can technically be practiced separately, though many physicians work in both areas. Obstetricians are more focused on pre and postnatal care, complicated pregnancies, difficulty conceiving, and assisting in childbirth. Gynecologists deal with the female reproductive system and reproductive disease.